- (1864 – 1922) Elizabeth Cochrane
Facts about Nellie Bly
|He was born :||05 May 1864 | U.S|
|He passed away :||January 27, 1922|
|Sign of the zodiac :||Taurus|
Biography of Nellie Bly
The famous American journalist Nellie Bly , pseudonym of Elizabeth Cochrane , also spelled Cochran, was born on May 5, 1864 in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania, USA. UU
Elizabeth Cochran (later added an “e” ending to Cochran) received little formal schooling. He began his career in 1885 in his native Pennsylvania as a reporter for the Pittsburgh Dispatch, to which he had sent an angry letter to the editor in response to an article that the newspaper had printed, entitled “What Girls Are Good For” (not much according to the article) . The editor was so impressed with his writing that he gave him a job.
It was for The Dispatch that he started using the pseudonym ” Nellie Bly “, taken from a popular Stephen Foster song. Her first articles, on the conditions of working girls in Pittsburgh, life in slums and other similar topics, marked her as a reporter of wit and concern. At a time when a woman’s contribution to a newspaper was generally limited to “women’s pages”, it was given to Cochrane a rare opportunity to report on broader issues.
In 1886-87 he traveled for several months through Mexico, sending reports on official corruption and the condition of the poor. His articles, strongly critical, angered Mexican officials and caused him to be expelled from the country. The articles were subsequently collected in Six Months in Mexico (1888).
In 1887, Cochrane left Pittsburgh to go to New York and work for Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World . One of his first undercover works for that newspaper was to enter the asylum of Blackwell Island (now Roosevelt), feigning insanity.
His exposure of conditions among patients, published in the World and later compiled in Ten Days in a Mad House (1887), precipitated a grand jury investigation into asylum and helped achieve the necessary improvements in patient care. . Similar informal strategies took her to clandestine workshops, prisons and the legislature (where she exposed bribery in the lobbying system). She was, by far, the best known journalist of her time.
The climax of his career in the World began on November 14, 1889, when he sailed from New York to beat the record of Phileas Fogg, hero of the romance of Jules Verne, Around the world in eighty days. The World built the story by publishing daily articles and a guessing contest in which whoever came closest to naming the Cochrane time to go around the world would get a trip to Europe.
There were almost a million entries in the contest. Cochrane rode on ships and trains, on rickshaws and sampans, on horses and donkeys. On the last round of her trip, the World transported her from San Francisco to New York on a special train; It was greeted everywhere by bands of music and fireworks. His time was 72 days 6 hours 11 minutes 14 seconds.
The feat made her famous. Nellie Bly’s book , Around the World in Seventy-two Days (1890) was a great popular success, and the name of Nellie Bly became synonymous with star reporter. Nellie Bly married the millionaire Robert Seaman in 1895, but after his death suffered financial setbacks, and returned to journalism in the New York Journal in 1920.